What is obstetrics and gynaecology?
Obstetrics deals with the care of the pregnant women, the unborn baby, labor and delivery and the immediate period following childbirth.
Obstetrician : obstetrician is trained in these and many other complications of childbirth and ensures both mother and baby are safely guided through all of the phases of pregnancy and childbirth. Whether the baby is delivered vaginally or through a planned or emergency caesarian section an obstetrician is trained to handle any change that is presented during the natural, but sometimes complex process of childbirth.
Obstetricians are also trained to handle pregnancy complications, such as:
Ectopic pregnancy, in which the fetus grows outside of the uterus
Signs of fetal distress, in which the fetus is not doing well for various reasons
Delivery through Cesarean section
Gynaecology diagnoses and treats diseases of the reproductive organs including cancer of the ovaries, uterus, cervix, vagina and fallopian tubes.
GYNAECOLOGIST: A gynaecologist also treats prolapse of the pelvic organs. This is a condition usually present in postmenopausal women with weakened pelvic muscles that cannot support the uterus or bladder properly.A gynecologist may also treat related problems in the bowel, bladder and urinary system since these are closely related to female reproductive organs.
Gynecologists can also provide advice on sexual matters, such as responsible sexual practices, contraceptives, and protection against sexually transmitted diseases. All in all, if it’s a non-pregnancy issue that is related to female reproductive health, a gynecologist can take care of it.
A gynecologist may diagnose and treat issues, such as:
Conditions that cause pain during sex
Cancers of the reproductive system
Prolapse of pelvic organs
Cervical and vaginal polyps
HIGH RISK PREGNANCY
IN VITRO FERTILISATION